Kolomenskoye is one of the oldest inhabited places inside of Moscow's city limits. Archeological monuments that dot the area show that people lived here in the stone age. In the XVI century a ceremonial grand-ducal residence was erected here and by the time of Mikhail Fedorovich’s rule Kolomenskoye became the favorite summer residence of the ruling dynasty.
Subsequently the residence in Kolomenskoye was transformed into the “Kremlin outside of Moscow”, because of works lead by tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. After his death the importance of Kolomenskoye residence gradually decreased. Peter I rarely visited his father’s favourite manor. On May 14th, 1724, at the Feast of the Ascension, Emperor Peter I visited Kolomenskoye for the last time.
The second half of the 19th century has been the time at which court life in Kolomenskoye ended. In 1913-1916 the first restoration works of the monuments of Kolomenskoye began and thanks to the efforts of the outstanding conservation architect Pyotr Baranovsky, a museum was organized here in 1923.
The unique exhibits of Kolomenskoye include wooden architecture monuments of the 17th-18th centuries. The most popular building of modern Kolomeskoye is the Tsar’s chambers, better known as Peter I house and the Church of the Ascension of the Lord, the oldest monument to the Tsar's court in Kolomenskoye.