Explore one of the most terrifying but touching places in the world on a guided tour to Auschwitz-Birkenau with transportation from Katowice. Skip the ticket lines and go straight into the site with your guide, where you will find out more about the Holocaust and its victims.
Auschwitz-Birkenau (1941 – 1945) was the largest of Nazi Germany’s concentration camps. Located in German-occupied southern Poland, it took its name from the nearby town of Oświęcim, situated within the range of about 25 kilometers from Katowice. The complex consisted of three main camps: Auschwitz I – the administrative center, Auschwitz II (Birkenau) – an extermination camp, and Auschwitz III (Monowitz) – a work camp. In 1990, the figure of people killed in the camp was placed at 1.1 million.
About 90 percent of them were Jews from almost every European country. Most of the dead were killed in gas chambers using Zyklon B; other deaths were caused by systematic starvation, forced labor, lack of disease control, individual executions, and so-called medical experiments. At the end of the war, the SS made great efforts to destroy what remained of the camp, burn the archives, and murder all the people they referred to as the 'Bearers of Secrets'.