Discover the two important cities in Transylvanian history at Alba Iulia and Sibiu on a full-day guided tour with pick-up from Cluj.
Departing from Cluj, drive approximately two hours to reach Alba Iulia. Founded by Roman colonists in the 2nd century AC, it was not only the main point of an important commercial route, used to bring gold from the mountains, but also the place where the gold was prepared for shipment to Rome. The city has three temples, a forum, hundreds of administrative and private buildings; some of their ruins have been restored in the past years and will be visited today.
Following the Hungarian conquest of the region, the city was rebuilt in the 10th century, becoming one of the religious centers of the country. See the catholic cathedral, dating back to the 10th century, it is the oldest church in the country and is a unique architectural treasure, combining Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance styles. As a sign of religious tolerance, just a couple of meters away, you can find the orthodox cathedral, built in the 1920s especially for the coronation of the Ferdinand and Maria, king and queen of Romania.
Among so many highlights, probably the biggest one is the Austrian Vauban citadel, built in the 18th century. At noon you will witness the changing of the Austrian guards, including a parade with old costumes and horses.
Departing from Alba Iulia, you will drive to Sibiu. The city was founded by German colonists in the 12th century and has been the central point of the Transylvanian Saxons ever since. Discover the three main squares, with the patrician palaces, the guilds residences and the workshops of the craftsmen, the medieval fortification walls and defensive towers, of which many have survived until today. Or you can choose to relax with a glass of fine Transylvanian wine.
The local museums are also worth a visit – the most important one is situated in the former palace of Governor Samuel von Brukenthal, and hosts art unique pieces of art, such as paintings of Titian or Peter Breughel.