Cagliari is a beautiful city with ancient history, the administrative center town of the island, having been the capital of the province of Sardinia et Corsica during the Roman period under the name of Karalis. Subsequently it was the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1324 to 1720, and then from 1798 to 1814.
Legend has it that Caralis was founded by Aristaeus, son of the god Apollo and the nymph Cyrene, in the fifteenth century b.C. Its long history and the various dominations and outside influences have meant that the city has a very rich cultural and architectural heritage.
The fortified district of Castello is theMedieval heart of the city, which until the Second World War was the residence of the nobles. A religious building worthy of note is the Basilica of San Saturnino, which is the oldest church in Sardinia which we have news, built in the fifth century and restored in the Romanesque period. Do not miss the archaeological site of Tuvixeddu, the largest Phoenician-Punic necropolis still exists that stands on the hill of the same name. In addition to the Punic tombs are also tombs from the Roman era.